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A token economy is a behavior change system in which children earn “tokens” for engaging in a specific list of target behaviors. The tokens can then be traded in for preferred reinforcers, such as your child’s favorite activity, item, or edible. According to John O. Cooper, “Effectiveness depends to a large extent on the effectiveness…Read More
Many children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder often have deficits related to critical social communication skills. Critical social communication skills include joint attention, social reciprocity, social cognition, language and related cognitive skills, as well as behavior and emotional regulation. According to American Speech-Language-Hearing Association: Deficits related to joint attention include: -Impaired monitoring of social…Read More
What is Functional Communication Training? Functional Communication Training is essentially what it sounds like, it teaches individuals how to communicate functionally (using language) to access desired items or activities. Generally speaking, children with autism will use inappropriate behaviors (verbal or physical aggression, crying, etc.) in lieu of appropriate language because they do not know how…Read More
Recently I wrote an article, “How to Use a Token Economy at Home.” A token economy is a behavior management strategy used to increase target behavior and decrease unwanted behaviors. Typically, at the clinic we use token boards with our younger children. One behavior management strategy used to increase target behavior and decrease unwanted behaviors…Read More
Many children who have been diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder have deficits related to language and functional communication. Children with autism often have difficulty using expressive language to tell others their wants and needs. When they are unable to express what they want or need it can lead to the child becoming frustrated or engaging…Read More
One way to teach early learners or non-vocal children to communication is the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). PECS is a research based approach that teaches early functional communication through the use of exchanging pictures for something a child wants. PECS should be taught using a 6 step system. Phase 1: Teaching the child how…Read More